Once believed to strike most often during teen years, acne is now affecting millions of adult women, many of which never had a problem with acne in the past. Some women (and men too) will only deal with acne during puberty and their teenage years, but others will suffer well into adulthood, especially during times of stress and hormonal changes. While acne among adult women is usually linked to hormonal shifts and imbalances that occur during the menstrual cycle, or when transitioning into menopause, it’s important to consider elevated stress levels, a lack of sleep and a poor diet might also be root causes.
Jump up ^ Kanerva, L.; Elsner, P.; Wahlberg, J. E.; Maibach, H. I. (2013). Handbook of Occupational Dermatology. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 231. ISBN 978-3-662-07677-4. Archived from the original on 6 September 2017.
Change your skin’s pH. pH is another word for the alkalinity of your skin. Scientists have determined that a skin pH of below 5 — the ideal being 4.7 — is beneficial to overall skin health and bacterial flora that help the skin. Showering and using soap, in particular, can cause the skin’s pH to go above 5, leading to dryness, scaliness, and breakouts.
While those with darker pigmentation may resort to brightening creams to help remedy their situation, Dr. MacGregor said you should proceed with caution. She strongly advises avoiding prolonged use with any cream that contains hydroquinone, an ingredient used in some brightening creams. “Overuse of hydroquinone can cause permanent grey pigmentation in the skin.” she said.
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If you try a doctor-prescribed acne regimen for at least a month and you’re still experiencing severe breakouts, there’s one treatment that’s very effective — but it has significant side effects. Isotretinoin (commonly referred to as Accutane, a brand that was taken off the market in 2009) can help with almost all types of acne, though it may be slightly less likely to clear up hormonal acne, says Zeichner. A type of oral retinoid, isotretinoin works by “significantly reducing oil production from your sebaceous glands, which subsequently reduces the amount of P. acnes bacteria on the skin,” says Zeichner. It also has an anti-inflammatory effect. (If you’re interested in finding out more, ask your doctor about the isotretinoin brands that are available now, such as Claravis, Amnesteem, Myorisan, Zenatane, and Absorica.) Zeichner says that all patients who finish a course of isotretinoin (typically lasting five months, but many physicians recommend a longer treatment plan) will be “significantly better than when they started.” For the majority of patients, that can mean 100 percent clear skin. “Approximately 20 percent of patients will need a second course, 5 percent will need a third course, and one percent will need more than three,” says Zeichner. But even if you end up in the not-completely-clear camp, the post-treatment breakouts you experience will likely be “much more manageable with traditional treatments, like topicals and oral antibiotics,” says Zeichner.
Exercise regularly. Exercising does a number of things to help reduce your acne. It releases endorphins which lower stress levels and therefore reduce oil-production and also makes you sweat which cleans out dead skin cells. Try exercising on a daily basis for a minimum of thirty minutes to help reduce your acne not only on your face, but also on your chest, shoulders, and back; which is where the term “bacne” comes from.
Jump up ^ Farrar, MD; Howson, KM; Bojar, RA; West, D; Towler, JC; Parry, J; Pelton, K; Holland, KT (June 2007). “Genome Sequence and Analysis of a Propionibacterium acnes Bacteriophage”. Journal of Bacteriology. 189 (11): 4161–67. doi:10.1128/JB.00106-07. PMC 1913406 . PMID 17400737.
The main issue with this procedure is that too much steroid could cause atrophy or death to the surrounding tissues. So it is better to do several injections instead of one injection with too much steroid.
Visit Your Dermatologist: A visit to dermatologist is necessary for severe acne cases. The skin specialist will provide with mostly oral or topical antibiotics and other medication such as cream and lotion best suit for treating acne.
Honestly, I’ve only had almost-perfect skin when I was using a harsh prescription cream (would never do that again), and at times when I have been overall healthy (mind, diet, lifestyle habits). Meaning, I have never noticed a significant difference related to products or food. I went on an elimination diet a few years ago, and was eating so cleanly– no processed foods whatsoever, no gluten, no refined sugars, no meat/dairy. This lasted 3 weeks, and I did not notice much of a difference with my face. Obviously everyone is different, and I’ve realized my main problem is stress. I mean, it could be a lot worse if I ate horribly (I am vegan– not that I noticed much of a difference when I changed my diet– not that it was that bad before), but unfortunately I am one of those people that can’t get an easy fix. Fixing your state of mind, and how you respond to stress, is probably the hardest thing to do. But I’m working on it.
Complementary therapies have been investigated for treating people with acne. Low-quality evidence suggests topical application of tea tree oil or bee venom may reduce the total number of skin lesions in those with acne. Tea tree oil is thought to be approximately as effective as benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid, but has been associated with allergic contact dermatitis. Proposed mechanisms for tea tree oil’s anti-acne effects include antibacterial action against P. acnes, and anti-inflammatory properties. Numerous other plant-derived therapies have been observed to have positive effects against acne (e.g., basil oil and oligosaccharides from seaweed); however, few studies have been performed, and most have been of lower methodological quality. There is a lack of high-quality evidence for the use of acupuncture, herbal medicine, or cupping therapy for acne.