The prognosis for most cases of acne is excellent. Most people experience their worst acne during the teen years and grow out of it. The goal in all acne treatment is to prevent scarring. Severe acne left untreated for a long time can result in scarring. The scars can appear as pits (usually on the face) or as big, bumpy scars (usually on the chest and back). The scarring of acne can also be treated. Your doctor can tell you about various ways available to treat acne scars.
^ Jump up to: a b Zhao, YE; Hu, L; Wu, LP; Ma, JX (March 2012). “A meta-analysis of association between acne vulgaris and Demodex infestation”. Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B (Meta-analysis). 13 (3): 192–202. doi:10.1631/jzus.B1100285. PMC 3296070 . PMID 22374611.
Most studies of acne drugs have involved people 12 years of age or older. Increasingly, younger children are getting acne as well. In one study of 365 girls ages 9 to 10, 78 percent of them had acne lesions. If your child has acne, consider consulting a pediatric dermatologist. Ask about drugs to avoid in children, appropriate doses, drug interactions, side effects, and how treatment may affect a child’s growth and development.
Hello guys, I always have a lot of red pimples on my legs. I could say that 70% of my legs are with red pimples and I don’t know if its normal and what I should do to help it!! Can someone help me ?…
Most of the time, the glands make the right amount of sebum and the pores are fine. But sometimes a pore gets clogged up with too much sebum, dead skin cells, and germs called bacteria. This can cause acne.
Pore strips, whether purchased over the counter or created at home, use an adhesive to cling to the impurities blocking the pore and ultimately remove the plug. Pore strips do remove pore plugs and dead surface skin cells, but they won’t prevent blackheads from returning. Immediately after using them, your pores will shrink and appear smaller.
But Accutane has mixed reviews for a reason. It makes the skin super dry and sensitive, which means it’s important to keep moisturizers and lip balm nearby while you’re on the treatment. Oh, and don’t even think about waxing your eyebrows (just imagine your skin ripping off). There’s another downside to Accutane: It requires a lot of paperwork and office visits. Since isotretinoin can cause birth defects, you have to come into the dermatologist once a month to get a pregnancy test and take a lengthy survey with embarrassing questions about your sex life to prove that you are using sufficient birth control. These precautions are intense, but dermatologists agree that the final results for Accutane are like no other. “This is one of the few medicines that I can look [patients] in the eye and guarantee them it will work,” says Friedman.
Small sebaceous glands lie just under the skin surface. These glands make the oil (sebum) that keeps the skin supple and smooth. Tiny holes (pores) on the skin allow the sebum to come on to the skin surface. Hairs also grow through these pores. During the teenage years, you make much more sebum than when you were a child. This is due to the hormonal changes of puberty which stimulate the sebaceous glands. As a rule, the more sebum that you make, the more greasy your skin feels and the worse acne is likely to be. Some people make more sebum than others.
Even when treating acne, the right skin care is essential. Acne friendly skin care can make the difference between seeing clearing and an acne flare. You’ll find skin care that dermatologists recommend at:
Toothpaste can help dry out a pimple, but it’s not a real solution for acne and can damage your skin. Stick to products made specifically for acne. Alternatively, there are some natural solutions you could try. For example, many people have great success clearing up acne by washing the affected area with honey (particularly manuka honey) daily or using it as a mask. You can also use it as a spot treatment.
Fleischer A, et. al. “Dapsone gel 5% in combination with adapalene gel 0.1%, benzoyl peroxide gel 4% or mosturizer for the tretment of acne vulgaris: A 12-week, randomized, double-blind study.” Journal of Drugs in Dermatology. 2010; 9(1): 33-40.
Sulfur has been used in treating acne for thousands of years, and in the 1950s, it became available in a foam product designed for direct application to the skin. Can sulfur work on acne? Sulfur dries out the skin, consequently drying out and shrinking pimples. It tends to be gentler than Benzoyl Peroxide treatments, and is less likely to dehydrate the skin, which would result in further irritation.
Acne can almost always be controlled with medication. However, results may not be seen for weeks or months. Most topical medicines work within four to eight weeks. Tretinoin may show peak results in three to six months.
Probiotics: These have been found to reduce inflammation in the gut, which may help reduce acne. According to a 2011 study, intestinal microflora may affect inflammation throughout the body, which in turn, can affect acne breakouts. Since pre and probiotics can reduce inflammation and oxidative stress, scientists believe they may help reduce acne breakouts. “There appears to be more than enough supportive evidence to suggest that gut microbes, and the integrity of the gastrointestinal tract itself, are contributing factors in the acne process,” the scientists wrote. To get more probiotics in your diet, try yogurt, kefir, sauerkraut, dark chocolate, microalgae, miso pickles, tempeh, kimchi, and kombucha tea.
Doctors only prescribe isotretinoin to treat nodular acne that causes severe disfigurement, according to the Mayo Clinic. Women who take this drug must use a reliable contraceptive method during treatment, as isotretinoin causes severe birth defects in humans. This drug helps the sebaceous glands to mature, which reduces the amount of oil produced.
Lavender oil is another favorite of mine, not only because it can help prevent and keeps acne at bay, but it smells amazing, and provides relaxation qualities — something much needed in today’s world. Lavender helps regenerate skin cells, minimize sun spots and even reduce scarring caused by acne. Additionally, it can help reduce swelling and inflammation that may be caused by acne due to the polysaccharides it contains. (20)
Isotretinoin affects all causative mechanisms of acne — it changes abnormal follicular keratinization, decreases sebum production by 70%, decreases P. acnes colonization and is anti-inflammatory.38 Indications for isotretinoin include scarring disease, severe nodulocystic acne and less than 50% improvement with oral antibiotics or hormonal therapies after four months.38 Isotretinoin therapy must be monitored carefully because adverse effects include potent teratogenicity, hypertriglyceridemia and pancreatitis, hepatoxicity, blood dyscrasias, hyperostosis, premature epiphyseal closure and night blindness. An association with severe skin reactions, such as erythema multiforme, Stevens–Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis, has been reported.39 Although a causal relationship has not been shown, patients must be warned about depression, suicidal thoughts and psychosis, and monitored closely.40
When acne does not respond to the standard one-two punch of topical retinoids and oral antibiotics, patients have two other choices: the drug isotretinoin, or one of several procedure-based treatments for acne that involve using laser or light treatment to reduce inflammation and kill acne-causing bacteria.