While it’s hard to pinpoint specific foods that cause acne, “a high glycemic diet causes spikes in blood sugar levels that will stimulate the release of certain growth factors that in turn lead to increased oil production and acne,” says Dr. Goldenberg. In a nutshell: Too much sugar and processed grains can mess with your skin.
^ Jump up to: a b c Chiang, A; Hafeez, F; Maibach, HI (April 2014). “Skin lesion metrics: role of photography in acne”. The Journal of Dermatological Treatment (Review). 25 (2): 100–5. doi:10.3109/09546634.2013.813010. PMID 23758271.
This is the only acne treatment that attacks all four causes of acne — excess oil production, clogged pores in the skin, too much of the bacteria P. acnes, and inflammation. This makes isotretinoin very effective.
Take an extra five minutes before hopping on the treadmill to completely wash your face and remove your makeup to minimize the risk of breakouts. “Sweat is released through visible pores in the skin,” says dermatologist Dr. Janell Vega. “When makeup covers those pores, that barrier doesn’t allow the sweat to make it to the surface of the skin, which can lead to clogged pores. The trapped debris and bacteria are a perfect breeding ground for acne bumps and zits.”
The effectiveness of an acne facial mask depends on what ingredients the mask contains. Sometimes they can make matters worse by preventing acne treatments known to work from doing their job. Lots of people enjoy the masks because they feel good on the skin. So if you want to use a face mask, look for products specially formulated with acne treatments such as benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, or sulfur, and only use them once in a while to avoid worsening acne. Consult a dermatologist for more information.
What, exactly, is an acne scar? It’s the zit that keeps on giving. After a breakout clears up, residual inflammation can lead to scars. And while some acne scars will eventually fade on their own, all types of acne scars will heal faster with the help from a product or a professional.
Brittany Myers-O’Shea, PharmD, is a Pharmacy Manager of a high volume store for a large retail chain in the Northeast. She graduated from MCPHS University Boston in 2015. Her professional interests include pharmacy legislation, compounding, optimizing patient safety outcomes, and promoting vaccination awareness and education.
People with nodules and cysts are usually considered to have more extreme forms of acne. These lesions are more common in men than women. Cystic acne requires special treatment, and will be discussed later in this article.
Getting rid of stubborn pimples, blackheads and whiteheads starts with thorough but gentle cleansing of the skin. Try my recipe for Homemade Honey Face Wash to cleanse skin without causing irritation. It features apple cider vinegar, honey, coconut oil, probiotics and essential oils (like tea tree oil). The honey soothes the skin, the coconut oil helps to fight bacteria and fungus, and the tea tree oil helps to invigorate the skin. Dampen skin with warm water, and massage into face and neck. Rinse well and pat dry. Do this each morning and evening and, if needed, after workouts. Refrain from cleansing more often, as this can irritate the skin and cause an overproduction of oil.
Temporary skin fillers have been used for years for acne scar treatment, but a permanent dermal filler was approved for use by the FDA just last summer. Designed to remove moderate to severe acne scarring, Bellafill is made up of 80% collagen to replace lost volume and 20% polymethylmethacrylate, which helps your body heal by boosting protein production.
The adverse effects of benzoyl peroxide include skin irritation, dryness and redness. Direct contact with eyes or other mucous membranes will cause severe irritation. Most of the adverse effects can be minimised by reducing the time the product is on the skin before being washed off, or by reducing the concentration used. Advise the patient that if their skin peels or becomes very dry, an oil-free moisturiser can be used. Benzoyl peroxide will bleach linen, clothing and towels.