Once you see clear (or nearly clear) skin, you still need acne treatment. The type of treatment, however, may change. Most people can keep acne away with proper skin care and medicine they apply to their skin. Without this treatment, acne can return quickly.
A study examining the prevalence of acne in adults over age 20 found that acne affects more than 50 percent of women between the ages of 20-29 and more than 25 percent of women between the ages of 40-49.
If saving babysitting money for a year still won’t make a dent in the funds you need to get a fancy laser treatment that will blast away acne scars, don’t be discouraged. Thanks to the geniuses behind one of our favorite drugstore brands, La Roche-Posay, there’s a new class of products that feature smart technology and better-than-ever ingredients to help treat dark marks and acne scars — at an affordable price. “La-Roche Posay’s Pigmentclar line is unique in the way it combines exfoliating lipohydroxy acid (LHA), phe-resorcinol, and ferulic acid, which are both strong brightening ingredients, all together to form a topical product that’s seriously effective,” says dermatologist Dr. Mona Gohara.
The other type of breakouts are inflammatory acne, which occur when an already clogged hair follicle experiences an overgrowth of P. Acnes bacteria, which causes an immune reaction, leading to inflammation and infection. Inflammatory acne is trickier to control because it can be caused by hormones, food sensitivities, stress, and underlying medical conditions. Cystic acne is a form of inflammatory acne that occurs when a hair follicle ruptures, causing painful bumps deep within the skin. Here are some ways to rid your complexion inflammatory acne:
Jump up ^ Bérard, A; Azoulay, L; Koren, G; Blais, L; Perreault, S; Oraichi, D (February 2007). “Isotretinoin, pregnancies, abortions and birth defects: A population-based perspective”. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. 63 (2): 196–205. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2125.2006.02837.x. PMC 1859978 . PMID 17214828.
Anti-androgen agents. The drug spironolactone (Aldactone) may be considered for women and adolescent girls if oral antibiotics aren’t helping. It works by blocking the effect of androgen hormones on the sebaceous glands. Possible side effects include breast tenderness and painful periods.
If you think that you don’t need to fear pimples anymore since you are no longer a teenager, your perception is wrong. Adult pimples or acne are caused due to hormonal imbalance in the body. It is a very common symptom of PMS and also occurs during the menopause period (1, 2).
Luckily, there’s a dermatologist who’s garnered quite the acne-obsessed cult following: Sandra Lee, MD, a board-certified dermatologist in Southern California—aka Dr. Pimple Popper. Her YouTube channel is crazy popular, recently logging its billionth view. In her videos, not only does she educate people on what acne is, but she features footage of all sorts of skin issues erupting, including blackheads, pustules, cysts, and more. (There’s a “graphic and shocking” warning that precedes her videos—fair warning!)
Another factor may explain the prevalence of adult acne in women? Hormones — in particular, the kind of hormonal fluctuation that accompanies the menstrual cycle. As your period approaches, estrogen levels in the body dip, leaving your testosterone levels unchecked. Since testosterone (an androgen) can crank up your skin’s oil production, that also means a higher chance of clogged pores and big, angry pimples.
Mild to moderate comedonal acne can often be aggravated by external triggers, like hair gels and makeup. “Some of these makeups and gels are so occlusive that when the person stops using them, the acne goes away,” Alexiades-Armenakas says.
4. Reexamine your diet. As for the diet component, you’ve probably heard the rumors that fried food and dairy products is associated with acne, but do you know why? Sugar, spicy ingredients, dairy and fried foods are all testosterone triggers. Too much testosterone triggers your sebaceous glands to produce more sebum. Sebum is the natural mixture of wax and oil that helps to keep your skin healthy and moisturized, but too much sebum can clog pores and become a breeding ground for P. acnes bacteria. While going vegan and gluten free won’t solve your problems, being aware of your intake of testosterone triggering food may be helpful in controlling your acne.
Liu, H., Yu, H., Xia, J., Liu, L., Liu, G. J., & Sang, H. (2014). Topical azelaic acid, salicylic acid, nicotinamide, and sulphur for acne. The Cochrane Library. Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD011368/full
Jump up ^ Ong, MW; Bashir, SJ (June 2012). “Fractional laser resurfacing for acne scars: a review”. British Journal of Dermatology (Review). 166 (6): 1160–9. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2133.2012.10870.x. PMID 22296284.