4. Japan’s Okinawans when sticking to their original diet before 1970 had clear complexion and no pimples (acne). But as this link shows the McDonald’s and other fast foods with too much salt, too much sugar, wheat, deep fried and convenience foods entered the scene after 1970 and the acne rate went up to the American level.
To avoid these possible outcomes, dermatologists recommend that people treat acne. When the skin clears, treatment should continue. Treatment prevents new breakouts. Your dermatologist can tell you when you no longer need to treat acne to prevent breakouts.
Pimples or acne are skin lesions/inflammations that occur when the sebaceous glands (oil glands) of the skin get infected with bacteria and swell up. Pimples are also known as pustules or papules, spots, and zits. The sebaceous glands that are present throughout the skin, except in the palms and soles, secrete a waxy or oily substance called sebum. The sebum helps to maintain the oil balance of the skin and makes it look healthy. When there is any abnormality in the sebaceous gland, pimples develop (1).
PAULA’S CHOICE VS. EXPOSED SKIN CARE As much as I hate to admit it fellas, I fell for it. Yes siree, I fell for the acne treatment products by Paula Begoun sold under the brand name ‘Paula’s Choice’ despite being a severe skeptic of hyper-marketed products and claims. With a reputation that far precedes her, Read More …
Hormonal agents provide effective second-line treatment in women with acne regardless of underlying hormonal abnormalities.30 It is not necessary to demonstrate androgen excess to achieve a benefit from antiandrogen therapy. Clinical observation suggests that deep-seated nodules on the lower face and neck are especially responsive to hormonal therapy.6
Considerations: People have died due to severe reactions to sulfonamides, although rarely.4Side effects in clinical trials were experienced by less than 2% of patients, and include irritation, stinging and burning.4
Resist the sun: your medication will likely cause you to burn even more. Added to that, being in the sun for extended periods of time will make your skin wrinkle and leather-like, and raise the risk of skin cancer.
Topical treatments on their own may not be enough to give you clear skin, especially in those with complicated, inflammatory cystic acne. There are several acne medication options approved for use by the FDA, but which one is best for you is a question for your dermatologist and/or general practitioner. Baldwin says if you have insurance and you have acne, a prescription may be the best step because “it makes no sense to try to handle the condition yourself or to use over the counter products that are always less effective than prescriptions meds.” Here are a few of the acne medications you’ll want to ask about:
The American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) has published a number of useful tips that you can follow in managing your skin condition. There are also several videos on YouTube that offer useful device. The AAD tips are summarized below:
The other way acne treatment systems can work for you is by correcting skin damage left behind when blemishes heal. An astringent can help shrink enlarged pores left when blackheads fall out. Glycolic acid can smooth the edges of acne scars. Kojic acid and arbutin are safe skin lighteners for the brown spots healing acne forms on Asian and brown skin tones. Probiotics can help reduce the intensity of the inflammation your immune system generates for new infections, and microdermabrasion cloths can help restore the smooth finish of your skin.
Jump up ^ Archer, CB; Cohen, SN; Baron, SE; British Association of Dermatologists and Royal College of General Practitioners (May 2012). “Guidance on the diagnosis and clinical management of acne”. Clinical and Experimental Dermatology (Review). 37 (Supplement 1): 1–6. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2230.2012.04335.x. PMID 22486762.
A major mechanism of acne-related skin inflammation is mediated by P. acnes’s ability to bind and activate a class of immune system receptors known as toll-like receptors (TLRs), especially TLR2 and TLR4. Activation of TLR2 and TLR4 by P. acnes leads to increased secretion of IL-1α, IL-8, and TNF-α. Release of these inflammatory signals attracts various immune cells to the hair follicle including neutrophils, macrophages, and Th1 cells. IL-1α stimulates increased skin cell activity and reproduction, which in turn fuels comedo development. Furthermore, sebaceous gland cells produce more antimicrobial peptides, such as HBD1 and HBD2, in response to binding of TLR2 and TLR4.
Salicylic acid is an exfoliant or an agent that peels off dead skin cells by loosening the binding substance that make the surface skin cells stick together. It combines well with oil and can penetrate deep inside clogged up pores. By doing this, salicylic acid helps hasten the growth of new skin cells, keeps the pores clear and prevents future acne outbreaks. Learn more…
Get a facial peel. A facial peel is a specialized gel containing acid that dissolves dead skin and bacteria cells. Getting these on a regular basis can greatly reduce acne over time in addition to your regular skincare regimen.
Mix equal amounts of lemon juice and honey. Use a cotton ball to apply the mixture on the affected area. Allow it to sit for about 10 to 15 minutes. Wash it off with water and pat dry. this once every day.
Sulfur: This has been used for centuries to treat acne, psoriasis, and eczema. Sulfur helps by breaking down blackheads and whiteheads. It is unclear exactly how it works, but elemental sulfur slowly oxidizes to become sulfurous acid, which has antibacterial properties.
Accutane is especially good for cystic acne in women and body acne in men. “Oral vitamin A basically shuts down your sebaceous glands. If you suppress [them] for a long enough period, you can cure someone of their acne, and about 50 percent do hit that cure rate,” says Linkner. A course of Accutane can take about six to nine months. Sometimes patients need to repeat the course at a higher dosage in order to truly eliminate acne.
^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w Aslam, I; Fleischer, A; Feldman, S (March 2015). “Emerging drugs for the treatment of acne”. Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs (Review). 20 (1): 91–101. doi:10.1517/14728214.2015.990373. PMID 25474485.(subscription required)