Depression: Many people who have acne suffer from more than low self-esteem. Acne can lead to a medical condition called depression. The depression can be so bad that people think about what it would be like to commit suicide. Many studies have found that teens who believe that they have “bad” acne were likely to think about committing suicide.
isotretinoin (high-dose prescription vitamin A). Isotretinoin is used only in certain severe, cystic acne cases, or in cases where other treatments don’t work. A course of isotretinoin treatment requires regular appointments with your dermatologist.
Antibiotic + medicine you apply to the acne: This is often the first treatment recommended for severe acne. Taking an antibiotic can reduce the redness and swelling of acne. The medicine you apply to your skin works on reducing bacteria and clogged pores.
The two most frequently used topical antibiotics for the fast treatment and maintenance of acne are clindamycin and erythromycin. They can be used singly or can be combined with benzoyl peroxide. They also work well with oral antibiotics to fight inflammatory acne, whiteheads, blackheads, as well as other non-acne skin problems. Learn more…
If you have a lot of acne, cysts, or nodules, a medicine that you can buy without a prescription may not work. If you want to see clearer skin, you should see a dermatologist. Dermatologists offer the following types of treatment:
Acne is caused by a combination of factors. The lining of a pore in the skin starts producing skin at a high rate. Dead skin cells accumulate in the pore faster than the sebum it makes can push them to the surface. The oily sebum made by the sebaceous gland at the base of the pore gets trapped under dead skin, along with acne bacteria. The immune system generates inflammation to kill the bacteria, but the bacteria release chemicals that target surrounding healthy skin. Squeezing or mashing pimples forces acne bacteria deeper into the skin, where they can continue to trick the immune system into destroying more and more healthy tissue while pink scar tissue grows over them and locks them inside the skin.
Change your laundry detergent. If you have sensitive skin, the laundry detergent you use may be irritating your skin. Try switching detergents. Or try selecting a laundry detergent that is unscented, or even designed for babies with more sensitive skin.
Current consensus recommends a combination of topical retinoid and antimicrobial therapy as first-line therapy for almost all patients with acne.  The superior efficacy of this combination, compared with either monotherapy, results from complementary mechanisms of action targeting different pathogenic factors. Retinoids reduce abnormal desquamation, are comedolytic, and have some anti-inflammatory effects, whereas benzoyl peroxide is antimicrobial with some keratolytic effects and antibiotics have anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial effects. 
Washing your skin too vigorously, too often, or with the wrong products can do more harm than good. Just be patient with your salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide, get a facial, and if that doesn’t work, visit your dermatologist.
Treatment of acne with topical crushed dry ice (termed “cryoslush”) was first described in 1907, but is no longer performed commonly. Prior to 1960, the use of X-rays was also a common treatment.
Coconut oil, lavender essential oil, honey and gentle exfoliation can also help prevent scars, depending on your skin tone and texture. To naturally heal acne scars you can make a paste of raw honey, lavender essential oil, tea tree oil and frankincense oil. Here is a recipe for a homemade acne scar removal face mask:
First, let’s talk about what causes acne. Pimples form when the oil and dead skin cells on your skin combine to form a plug that blocks the pores. “As the P. acnes bacteria that naturally live on skin overgrow within this plugged follicle, the area becomes inflamed and this is when you start to see papules, pustules, and cystic lesions,” RealSelf dermatologist Sejal Shah, M.D., tells SELF. The treatments ahead work to exfoliate away dead skin cells, suck up excess oil, stop inflammation, and kill the P. acnes bacteria. There are even a few treatments that target hormonal acne specifically.
Prescription medications: Doctors can prescribe medications when acne becomes moderate to severe or is not controlled by over-the-counter medications. Prescription drugs can be used effectively alone or in combination with other prescription and nonprescription medications.
An earlier study published in 2007 showed similar results—Australian researchers found that young men between the ages of 15 and 25 with mild-to-moderate acne experienced dramatic improvement when they switched from eating the typical American diet (with white bread and highly processed breakfast cereals) to a healthier diet of whole grains, lean meat, and fruits and vegetables.
Gram-negative folliculitis: Some patients who have been treated with oral antibiotics for long periods of time develop pustules filled with bacteria that are resistant to the antibiotics that were previously used. Bacterial culture tests can identify these germs, leading the doctor to prescribe different antibiotics or other forms of treatment.
7. Steam extractions can help to reduce the number of future inflamed acne spots and immediately creates a sense of ‘decongestion’ or unblocking of the skin. However, it carries a risk of damage to the skin and can make cystic spots worse. It, really, therefore needs to be done by a trained professional.
Isotretinoin is strong medicine. It has the potential to cause some serious side effects. That’s why dermatologists carefully evaluate each patient. They weigh the pros and cons before prescribing isotretinoin. They carefully monitor every patient taking this medicine.
In this guide that explains you how to get rid of acne scars on back, on face or any other area, we will cover the different types of scars, the clinical or professional treatments as well as the at home treatments and finally the home remedies for those who prefer the DIY option.
Instead of grabbing the first bottle of sunscreen on the shelf, take a moment to seek out a product that will protect from sun and acne. The American Academy of Dermatology recommends scanning labels for keywords such as non-acnegenic, non-comedogenic, and oil-free. The same goes for moisturizers, makeup, or anything else applied to the skin. Here’s what the label on your sunscreen really means.
A lot of DIY, home remedies contain lemon in them because lemons have a lot of benefits to the skin. It’s popularly used in DIY skin whitening recipes and DIY anti-acne recipes because it contains alpha hydroxy acids (AHA) that help remove dead skin cells and help stimulate the skin repair damages.
You can use your own fat to fill the holes. The doctors usually take it from your thighs or belly. They reinject it in the depressed scars to raise the skin and improve the look of very deep scars. The downfall is the reabsorption rate. Usually 40-60% of it will be reabsorbed by your body after 6-12 months so a touch up might be necessary.
It diminishes the redness and swelling and also acts as an astringent. Its antimicrobial properties clear the infection causing the pimples (8). You can use this oil to treat entire sections of your face, like the forehead or the cheeks, which are affected by pimples.
If you have acne that’s not responding to self-care and over-the-counter treatments, make an appointment with your doctor. Early, effective treatment of acne reduces the risk of scarring and of lasting damage to your self-esteem. After an initial examination, your doctor may refer you to a specialist in the diagnosis and treatment of skin conditions (dermatologist).
There are multiple treatments available for acne over the counter from pharmacies. The most effective of these contain benzyl peroxide, which is an antiseptic. It works to prevent new pimples from forming and in general, the benefits are first seen after six to eight weeks of daily use.
6) Stay out of the sun. A nice suntan may look healthy and often makes acne less noticeable, but the effect is temporary and tanning not only damages your skin but also encourages acne flare-ups. This applies to tanning beds as well. It’s especially important that you avoid too much sun when taking certain anti-acne medications as many medications make your skin more sensitive and thus more easily damaged by UV rays.
If your acne is the hormonal type, “no topical product alone will make a huge difference,” says Jennifer MacGregor, a dermatologist in New York City. In fact, the treatment a doctor gives you may not even seem like it’s about skin at all. For many women, taking birth-control pills can help clear up skin. most contain estrogen and progestin, they help suppress testosterone and prevent breakouts. Already on the pill and still breaking out? A doctor may prescribe spironolactone, a drug for hypertension that controls androgens. Don’t take it if you’re thinking of getting pregnant, though, since it can cause birth defects. (Many doctors prescribe spironolactone to women of child-bearing age only if they’re also on the pill.)
Researchers have found a relationship between stress and acne flare-ups. In response to stress our bodies produce more androgens (male hormone). These hormones stimulate the oil glands and hair follicles in the skin, which can lead to acne.
Topical retinoids should be trialled for at least two months before considering another treatment. The initial phase of treatment may cause a mild acne flare, followed by significantly declining acne severity over one to two months.7 Continued, long-term use of retinoids appears to be safe and effective.7
If you’re going to take matters into your own hands, at least pop responsibly. Wait until the pimple comes to the surface of skin (you’ll see the white, pus-filled head of the pimple). Popping a pimple when your skin is ready “will cause the most shallow trauma to skin and decrease the likelihood of permanent scarring,” says Dr. Lee. You’re also more likely to get everything out; if you don’t, the spot will just get inflamed again.
Blackheads and whiteheads (comedones). Comedones are enlarged hair follicles filled with sebum. Blackheads are comedones that have pushed through the skin’s surface. Exposure to air causes the sebum to turn black. Whiteheads are comedones that have not pushed through the skin’s surface.