A sunburn that reddens the skin or suntan that darkens the skin may seem to temporarily make blemishes less visible and make the skin feel drier.8 However, these effects are only temporary and there are known risks of excessive sun exposure.8 Remember to always protect your skin with sunscreen, because your skin is exposed to the sun’s harmful UV rays every time you go outside.10
Scars (permanent): People who get acne cysts and nodules often see scars when the acne clears. You can prevent these scars. Be sure to see a dermatologist for treatment if you get acne early — between 8 and 12 years old. If someone in your family had acne cysts and nodules, you also should see a dermatologist if you get acne. Treating acne before cysts and nodules appear can prevent scars.
Large nodules were previously referred to as cysts, and the term nodulocystic has been used in the medical literature to describe severe cases of inflammatory acne. True cysts are in fact rare in those with acne and the term severe nodular acne is now the preferred terminology.
Antibiotics are frequently applied to the skin or taken orally to treat acne and are thought to work due to their antimicrobial activity against P. acnes and their ability to reduce inflammation. With the widespread use of antibiotics for acne and an increased frequency of antibiotic-resistant P. acnes worldwide, antibiotics are becoming less effective, especially macrolide antibiotics such as topical erythromycin. Commonly used antibiotics, either applied to the skin or taken orally, include clindamycin, erythromycin, metronidazole, sulfacetamide, and tetracyclines such as doxycycline and minocycline. When antibiotics are applied to the skin, they are typically used for mild to moderately severe acne. Antibiotics taken orally are generally considered to be more effective than topical antibiotics, and produce faster resolution of inflammatory acne lesions than topical applications. Topical and oral antibiotics are not recommended for use together.
“Jessner Peels help to reduce acne lesions overnight by drying them out. They also help to remove the top layers of the skin that cause dry skin and acne flareups. It’s important to note that the use of retin-A may cause the acids in the peel to intensify, so if you are using a prescription retin-A it’s important to stop using it one week prior to getting the peel,” says Dr. Bank. For those with less severe acne or occasional breakouts, there are other types of chemical peels your derm can give you to exfoliate your skin, dry up acne, and help create an instant glow (great for if you’re trying to remove a few lingering pimples before a big event in a few days).
The occasional pimple can be concealed. If used at all, cover-up creams and cosmetics should be water-based. Even if outbreaks of acne cannot be eliminated, conventional treatment can provide relief.
Get a laser treatment. That’s right – use lasers to kill off your acne. Many dermatologists now offer a treatment in which they use lasers to fire strong blasts of light to kill overactive oil-producing glands beneath your skin. This process can be painful, but has been shown to cut down acne 50% on average.
Clinical trials have shown that estrogen-containing oral contraceptives can be helpful;31–33 the various formulations are thought to decrease levels of free testosterone by increasing sex-hormone-binding globulin and are considered equally effective. The choice of combined oral contraceptive should be based on a patient’s tolerance and potential side effects. It is not known whether other estrogen-containing contraceptives (e.g., vaginal rings, transdermal patches) are effective. Contraceptives containing only progesterone may worsen acne.4
According to medical research, tea tree oil gels containing 5 percent tea tree oil may be as effective as medications containing 5 percent benzoyl peroxide. (10) Researchers do indicate that tea tree oil may work more slowly for some individuals, so try to be patient. To make a simple home remedy for acne using tea tree oil mix 4–8 drops of tea tree oil and one teaspoon of coconut oil or jojoba oil. Dap lightly onto the problem areas. Slight tingling is normal, but if the application causes lots of burning then discontinue use. Always use a carrier oil, as tea tree oil can be too harsh when applied directly to skin.
Benzoyl peroxide is a common topical treatment. It has three actions – it kills germs (bacteria), reduces inflammation and helps to unplug blocked pores. Therefore, it often works well to clear inflamed spots and it helps to clear blackheads and whiteheads (comedones). You can buy benzoyl peroxide at pharmacies, without a prescription. It comes in different brand names and strengths – there is a 2.5%, 4%, 5% and 10% strength. Benzoyl peroxide:
Visit Your Dermatologist: A visit to dermatologist is necessary for severe acne cases. The skin specialist will provide with mostly oral or topical antibiotics and other medication such as cream and lotion best suit for treating acne.
News of lawsuits and frightening side effects can make one wonder why a dermatologist would prescribe isotretinoin (eye-soh-tret-in-OH-in)1. Furthermore, why would anyone take it to treat acne? There really is more to the story.
If you have cystic pimples, Dr. MacGregor recommends calling your dermatologist and popping into the office for a quick visit to receive a cortisone injection (a steroid medication). The shot will reduce inflammation drastically, thus lowering the chance of scarring or of you being tempted to pop the pimple and create a deeper mark.
Some large cysts do not respond to medication and may need to be drained or removed. Your dermatologist is the only person who should drain or remove these cysts. You should never try to drain or remove your acne by squeezing or picking. This can lead to infection, worsen your acne, and cause scarring.
Always apply a moisturizer. Oily skin produces acne, and if your skin is very dry your body will compensate by creating sebum. To prevent this from happening, use a gentle moisturizer after you wash your face every morning and evening. Apply moisturizer post toner application.
Antibiotics. These work by killing excess skin bacteria and reducing redness. For the first few months of treatment, you may use both a retinoid and an antibiotic, with the antibiotic applied in the morning and the retinoid in the evening. The antibiotics are often combined with benzoyl peroxide to reduce the likelihood of developing antibiotic resistance. Examples include clindamycin with benzoyl peroxide (Benzaclin, Duac, Acanya) and erythromycin with benzoyl peroxide (Benzamycin). Topical antibiotics alone aren’t recommended.
One of the most annoying and embarrassing blemishes everyone has to do deal with at some point in time is the pimple. The most common skin condition in America, acne, often called zits, seems to pop up out of nowhere. However, there are all-natural ways for how to get rid of pimples, including home remedies for acne that really work.
Acne remedies benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid are key ingredients in body washes designed to get rid of acne. Choose an oil-free body wash with acne medication like benzoyl peroxide or 2 percent salicylic acid. Apply the body wash to the affected areas and leave on for a minute or two to allow the acne medication to work its magic. Rinse well. Remember that products that contain benzoyl peroxide bleach fabric and may ruin towels, clothes and sheets/pillow cases. Change to white or something you don’t mind bleaching.
28. Eady AE, Cove JH, Layton AM. Is antibiotic resistance in cutaneous propionibacteria clinically relevant? Implications of resistance for acne patients and prescribers. Am J Clin Dermatol 2003;4:813–31 [PubMed]
Spironolactone is an androgen blocker. It can be used to treat hormonal acne in women (only) by reducing the production of androgens (male hormones) in a woman’s body, which can then reduce oil production in the skin. If you’re wondering how to get rid of acne overnight, keep in mind that aldactone can take up to three months to start taking effect.