Aloe vera gel can be used for acne vulgaris treatment and also on larger areas like the entire face or the back. It has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties and helps to reduce redness and skin irritation (33).
^ Jump up to: a b Hammer, KA (February 2015). “Treatment of acne with tea tree oil (melaleuca) products: a review of efficacy, tolerability and potential modes of action”. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents (Review). 45 (2): 106–10. doi:10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2014.10.011. PMID 25465857.
In particularly troublesome cases of acne, a specialized drug known as accutane can be prescribed. This is an incredibly intense retinoid treatment that has shown to almost completely remove all acne in users. However, it has the most serious side-effects of any acne-fighting drug and should be used with extreme caution.
Photodynamic therapy. “In this technique, we apply a prescription liquid to the patient’s face, chest, or back — wherever the acne is — and then apply a light or laser to activate the medicine,” Taub says. “Not only does the medication kill bacteria — which is less important, because bacteria will come back — but over a few months, it also reduces the size and activity of the oil glands.”
Amy Wechsler, MD, dermatologist and psychiatrist, adjunct assistant clinical professor of psychiatry, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York; assistant clinical professor of dermatology, SUNY Downstate Medical College, Brooklyn; N.Y.
Ideally, do this in the shower where warm water will naturally help open pores. Popping pimples in the shower also ensures you’re in a clean environment. Otherwise, use clean hands and put a warm compress on the pimple to help draw it out. After you squeeze all the contents out, wash your hands again to avoid spreading the bacteria to another site on your skin—or even someone else. (Yikes!)
Acne Vulgaris: Also called “simple acne,” acne vulgaris appears as whiteheads, blackheads and pimples marring your clear skin. These are caused by dead skin cells and oil clogging hair follicles. British researchers believe genetics are to blame for 80 percent of acne vulgaris cases.
Dermatologists today also have advanced ways to treat scarring, including chemical peels, microdermabrasion and laser technologies. And they’re generally more cognizant of the psychological damage that acne can inflict.
Smith TM, Cong Z, Gilliland KL, Clawson GA, Thiboutot DM. Insulin-like growth factor-1 induces lipid production in human SEB-1 sebocytes via sterol response element-binding protein-1. J Invest Dermatol. 2006 Jun. 126(6):1226-32. [Medline].
1. Use a spot treatment after the potential scar appears. If you’re prone to scarring or have a particular bad one-off pimple, apply a targeted healer like Clean and Clear Mark Treatment to the area. It uses salicylic acid to prevent further breakouts or damage to the skin. “However, sometimes salicylic acid can temporarily worsen inflamed acne,” Lortscher warns. So, use it sparingly, and discontinue if you experience any additional inflammation.
^ Jump up to: a b Arowojolu, AO; Gallo, MF; Lopez, LM; Grimes, DA (July 2012). “Combined oral contraceptive pills for treatment of acne”. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (Systematic Review & Meta-Analysis). 7 (7): CD004425. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD004425.pub6. PMID 22786490.
Our skin is a reflection of our overall health, which is why glowing, beautiful skin often results from proper care, hydration and eating a nutrient-dense diet. On the other hand, skin ridden with whiteheads, blackheads and other types of pimples can indicate oxidative damage, poor nutrition and hormonal imbalances.
Small sebaceous glands lie just under the skin surface. These glands make the oil (sebum) that keeps the skin supple and smooth. Tiny holes (pores) on the skin allow the sebum to come on to the skin surface. Hairs also grow through these pores. During the teenage years, you make much more sebum than when you were a child. This is due to the hormonal changes of puberty which stimulate the sebaceous glands. As a rule, the more sebum that you make, the more greasy your skin feels and the worse acne is likely to be. Some people make more sebum than others.
When topical and oral antibiotics fail to measure up against acne, using oral contraceptives or birth control pills can inhibit androgens from performing their tasks. Certain oral contraceptives prevent the release of sebum that fires up your acne by blocking the androgens that stimulate the oil glands. An antiandrogen is taken in combination with birth control pills in the event that the pill can’t handle the acne by itself, or if you have male symptoms like extra body hair or thinning scalp due to excess androgens. Learn more…
Globally, acne affects approximately 650 million people, or about 9.4% of the population, as of 2010. It affects nearly 90% of people in Western societies during their teenage years, but can occur before adolescence and may persist into adulthood. While acne that first develops between the ages of 21 and 25 is uncommon, it affects 54% of women and 40% of men older than 25 years of age, and has a lifetime prevalence of 85%. About 20% of those affected have moderate or severe cases. It is slightly more common in females than males (9.8% versus 9.0%). In those over 40 years old, 1% of males and 5% of females still have problems.
Considerations: THERE IS AN EXTREMELY HIGH RISK THAT A DEFORMED INFANT CAN RESULT IF PREGNANCY OCCURS WHILE TAKING ACCUTANE IN ANY AMOUNT AND EVEN FOR SHORT PERIODS OF TIME. FEMALES WHO ARE PREGNANT OR WHO MAY BECOME PREGNANT WHILE UNDERGOING TREATMENT SHOULD NOT TAKE ACCUTANE. There are many other warnings as well.1-3Side effects of Accutane are many, some of which include dry and cracked lips, dry skin, dry nose and mouth, mild to moderate muscle or joint aches.1-2,4-7
Several studies have shown that cell phones are hotbeds for germs. Throughout any given day your phone can be exposed to thousands of bacteria, which spread from your fingers (via texting) to your face (via talking) and vice versa.
Herbs that are usually found around the house are commonly used for treating acne. Many of the home remedies listed above use herbs to clear the infection and reduce acne scars. Some examples of the herbs are turmeric, garlic, aloe, and neem.
Topical retinoids inhibit keratinocyte differentiation and proliferation. They reduce comedones and have significant anti-inflammatory effects.7 They are not suitable for patients with very inflammatory acne and they may not be tolerated by patients with sensitive skin. Topical retinoids must be applied at as UV radiation degrades retinoids.
Current consensus recommends a combination of topical retinoid and antimicrobial therapy as first-line therapy for almost all patients with acne.  The superior efficacy of this combination, compared with either monotherapy, results from complementary mechanisms of action targeting different pathogenic factors. Retinoids reduce abnormal desquamation, are comedolytic, and have some anti-inflammatory effects, whereas benzoyl peroxide is antimicrobial with some keratolytic effects and antibiotics have anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial effects. 
Bacterial resistance and serious infections including cellulitis, pneumonia, tuberculosis and diarrhoeal illnesses are a global threat. New, more expensive antibiotics are often less well tolerated than older agents and are unavailable in many countries. Very few new antibiotics are being discovered or brought to market.
You can use pure apple cider vinegar (with the mother culture) as your evening and morning toner. Apple cider vinegar is packed with potassium, magnesium, acetic acid and various enzymes that kill bacteria on the skin. Chronic acne can be the result of bacteria and fungi that continue to spread and grow on the surface of the skin. With a cotton ball, smooth ACV over skin paying particular attention to active breakouts and acne prone areas.
Severe acne can be difficult to treat. When other treatments fail to clear the skin, isotretinoin may be an option. Treatment with isotretinoin often results in prolonged clearance of acne, which can be permanent for some patients.
Makeup products don’t clog up pores and cause pimples, as acne is caused by sebum production that comes from within the skin. While makeup doesn’t necessarily cause pimples, there are products to avoid and much to be said about washing off cosmetics before working out and prior to going to bed.