Long used to treat high blood pressure, prescription Aldactone (spironolactone) is now getting a second life as a treatment for hormonal acne. The drug (a tablet taken orally) blocks receptors of the hormone androgen, helping to limit the testosterone that can prompt pimples.
Everyone’s skin is different, so keep in mind that effectively treating acne breakouts at home requires a multi-disciplinary approach. The home remedies for acne described below can be used in combination to provide the best results. However keep in mind that while you overcome acne it’s also very important to avoid the biggest mistakes that can make skin irritation or scarring worse:
Oral isotretinoin (sold under a variety of different names) is used to treat cystic acne and commonly causes dry lips, skin and sun sensitivity. More seriously, it has been linked to birth defects, liver disease, severe depression and suicidal thoughts. Chinese medicine teaches that cysts and nodules associated with acne come from a build up of “phlegm” and “dampness.” Ice cream, cheese and milk are a direct cause of phlegm production. Sugar creates “dampness,” which lays the foundation for cystic acne to develop.
The recognition and characterization of acne progressed in 1776 when Josef Plenck (an Austrian physician) published a book that proposed the novel concept of classifying skin diseases by their elementary (initial) lesions. In 1808 the English dermatologist Robert Willan refined Plenck’s work by providing the first detailed descriptions of several skin disorders using a morphologic terminology that remains in use today. Thomas Bateman continued and expanded on Robert Willan’s work as his student and provided the first descriptions and illustrations of acne accepted as accurate by modern dermatologists. Erasmus Wilson, in 1842, was the first to make the distinction between acne vulgaris and rosacea. The first professional medical monograph dedicated entirely to acne was published in New York in 1885.
Grapeseed is rich in polyphenols, which are basically antioxidants that help you in maintaining healthy skin. This essential oil is very light on the skin and balances the natural oils. It acts as a skin toner and prevents acne breakouts on your face. It also has anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties (14).
D There is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience or studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
There has also been an important methodological improvement in isotretinoin prescribing. Recording of patient NHI numbers on prescriptions has improved markedly since access to isotretinoin was widened to include General Practitioner prescribing. From July, 2011 – June, 2012 NHI numbers were recorded in 91% of all isotretinoin dispensings compared to only 60% prior.25 Recording of NHI numbers allows analysis of medicine use to occur.
Acne can appear as several types of pimples, and they can be divided into two main types: inflammatory and non‑inflammatory.7 Non‑inflammatory acne includes blackheads and whiteheads.2,7 Inflammatory acne includes papules and pustules, as well as more severe types of acne like nodules and cystic acne, which can be more difficult to treat.4,7,8 A dermatologist is the best resource to treat all types of acne. Talk to your dermatologist to learn more.
Acne treatments vary, depending on the severity of your acne. Many teenagers and adults can control mild acne with over-the-counter topical solutions, like acne cream and salicylic acid products that loosen blackheads and whitehea…
Patients should be advised to wash their face gently with warm water and mild soap or cleanser, twice daily. An un-medicated face-wash is sufficient, although products containing benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid can be effective. Rough scrubbing should be avoided as it causes follicular rupture, increasing the inflammatory response. Patients with sensitive skin, e.g. atopic dermatitis, should avoid soap, and anti-acne cleansers may cause irritation and contact dermatitis.
The topical use of tea tree reduces redness and has strong antibacterial properties. It’s been shown to be effective against P. acnes and Staph aureus, the two strains of bacteria associated with acne. I recommend topical products containing at least 5% tea tree. Make your own serum at home by combining 5% tea tree oil with 95% of a non-comedogenic oil (such as argan oil).
Acne can result in physical scarring of the skin and is also associated with a large number of psychological complications including low self-esteem, altered body image, social withdrawal, and depression. Acne can be successfully treated and there are many options including steam extraction, blue light, photodynamic therapy, chemical peels, and prescription medications (both topical and oral).