Adult acne is caused by sebum, an oily substance produced by the skin’s sebaceous glands. Sebum clogs pores which attracts bacteria and become inflamed. For some adults breakouts are as a result of hypersensitivity or overproduction of androgens, the male hormone.
Pimples or acne are skin lesions/inflammations that occur when the sebaceous glands (oil glands) of the skin get infected with bacteria and swell up. Pimples are also known as pustules or papules, spots, and zits. The sebaceous glands that are present throughout the skin, except in the palms and soles, secrete a waxy or oily substance called sebum. The sebum helps to maintain the oil balance of the skin and makes it look healthy. When there is any abnormality in the sebaceous gland, pimples develop (1).
Oral contraceptives. Birth control pills contain female hormones that work by counteracting the effect of male hormones (such as testosterone) on acne. Their use is limited to female patients. The maximum benefit of oral contraceptives on acne occurs in three to four months. Side effects include nausea, weight gain, spotting, breast tenderness, and blood clots.
Dermalogica sells its full-size Clear Start products a la carte (all at around $20 — this line is definitely not made for the thrifty), and there are even more options than the five in the travel kit. We were surprised how much the products appealed to us: We didn’t pay attention to the aesthetics of most acne treatments, but the Clear Start caught our eye in a god way. More importantly, we loved the mix of salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide, plus all-natural heavy hitters like tea tree oil and witch hazel. And in addition to the wash, toner, moisturizer, and treatments, the kit includes an acne-safe (read: oil-free) sunscreen in its lineup.
Combined oral contraceptives containing cyproterone, e.g. Ginet (fully subsidised), may be more effective than other oral contraceptives and are suitable for women with polycystic ovary syndrome.10 However, cyproterone-containing oral contraceptives slightly raise the risk of venous thromboembolism (approximately 40 cases per 100 000 women treated for one year, compared to 20 cases for levonorgestrel-containing contraceptives), and should be used with caution.11, 12
According to the American Academy of Dermatology, women in menopause are most likely to spot acne blemishes near the chin, jaw, mouth and neck, which is a move away from the T Zone experienced in teenage years. Breakouts can occur on the chest and back.
Hormonal Acne: Women and teenagers are particularly susceptible to hormonal acne, which is caused when hormones trigger excess facial oil production. This type of acne can worsen depending on hormone fluctuations, which is why some women find their acne is worse at specific points in the menstrual cycle.
There are several low-level light devices designed as at-home acne remedies on the market — but do they really work? Some, like the Zeno electronic “zit-zapper” are FDA-approved as acne remedies, but reviews with these products are typically mixed. Even the best acne treatment won’t work for everyone, as the severity of the acne, types of acne and quality of the device are all factors. Ask your dermatologist for a recommendation if you’re considering purchasing an at-home light device to treat your acne.
Antiandrogens such as cyproterone acetate and spironolactone have been used successfully to treat acne, especially in women with signs of excessive androgen production such as increased hairiness or skin production of sebum, or baldness. Spironolactone is an effective treatment for acne in adult women, but unlike combination oral contraceptives, is not approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration for this purpose. The drug is primarily used as an aldosterone antagonist and is thought to be a useful acne treatment due to its ability to block the androgen receptor at higher doses. It may be used with or without an oral contraceptive. Hormonal therapies should not be used to treat acne during pregnancy or lactation as they have been associated with birth disorders such as hypospadias, and feminization of the male fetus or infant. Finasteride is likely an effective treatment for acne.
The AAD believes that this medicine can be appropriate treatment for severe acne, as long as prescribing doctors educate their patients about the potential risks. Patient safety is dermatologists’ primary concern. Dermatologists monitor their patients for IBD, depression, and other possible side effects.
I’ve heard a bit about Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) here and there, and I know it’s a condition that many women struggle with. Through the IIN program, I connected with Amy Medling, the “PCOS Diva.” Since she’s an expert in this area, I brought her on board as a guest blogger to tell you what PCOS is, share her story, and give you some tips on how to manage PCOS symptoms naturally! If you’re experiencing any of the below symptoms that Amy describes, or you already know you have PCOS, this is a great resource for you.
Topical antimicrobials (Topical antibiotics) help kill the bacteria on skin that can infect plugged hair follicles. Should always be combined with Benzoyl Peroxide in order to prevent the development of bacterial resistances.
Neem oil and neem powder are powerful natural treatments for pimples. They have powerful antibacterial properties. You can get them to buy online or at the local organic or natural food store in your area. Rinse your face with warm water to open up the pores of your skin. Use cotton buds to daub the oil and apply it directly to the pimples. You can also mix the powder with a small quantity of water to form a paste and apply it to the spots. Leave the paste on throughout the night so it can penetrate the skin destroy all the bacteria in the pimples.
Yet, microdermabrasion could still be recommended later on as an additional treatment to improve skin appearance. It is basically an exfoliation and skin rejuvenation procedure that leaves skin looking softer and brighter.
Harvard shared information regarding isotretinoin, noting that even though the drug shows dramatic results in a short period of time, it’s been shown to “destroy lives.” In fact, Harvard reported that about 25 percent of babies who have been exposed to Accutane while in the womb have serious deformities and develop learning disabilities. (7)
3 Has a potential for abuse less than those in schedules 1 and 2. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.